California leads the state in purchasing federal crop insurance programs for specialty crops

Through the Federal Crop Insurance Program (FCIP), USDA offers a variety of risk management products to specialty crop farmers. FCIP policies can mitigate risk by providing payments if insured crops experience losses caused by naturally occurring events (such as weather-related conditions) or market conditions. A specialty is a product group that includes fresh and dried fruits. nuts; vegetables; pulse crops such as dried beans, peas and lentils. and garden seedlings.


Number of FCIP specialty crop policies in 2020.

California leads the country in 2020 FCIP policies for specialty crops (19,433), followed by Florida (5,060), Washington (4,233), North Dakota (3,860) and Minnesota (2,526). These states also produce the most fruits and vegetables (California, Florida, and Washington) and specialty field crops (North Dakota and Minnesota). California’s policies reflect a variety of specialty products produced within the state, such as almonds, grapes, oranges, walnuts, and raisins. Most of North Dakota’s policies target field crops, namely dry beans and dry peas.

In 2020, specialty crops accounted for 25% of US crop production value. This chart appears in the September 2022 USDA Economic Research Service Bulletin, Specialty Crop Participation in Federal Risk Management Programs.

For more information:
US Department of Agriculture
+1 202 720 2791
askusda@usda.gov
www.usda.gov

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